The Constitution spells out the algorithm for the maximum number of congressional representatives in our federal government in Article I, Section 2 where it states that "there shall not be less than two hundred Representatives, nor more than one Representative for every fifty thousand persons."
So, 1 representative for every 50,000 citizens, maximum.
That's 6175 representatives, according to Wolfram Alpha's US population stats, which is about 14 times more representatives than the current maximum of 435. More precisely, it is 1419% more representatives than we have right now.
Benefit 1: Corporations and lobbyists would have to increase their political bribery budgets by 1419%. Presently, corporate lobbyists spend about US$ 3 billion each year to influence Congress. This would theoretically have to increase to US$ 42 billion.
Benefit 2: You would probably know your representative personally. You could probably make an appointment with him or her, and actually have a real conversation. Your representative would only have to deal with a population the size of Paris, Texas.
Problem 1: Too many representatives to coordinate
Solution: If you divide 6175 representatives by 435, then you have about 14 congresses. This means that nearly every major region in the United States could have its own Congress. States-rights lovers would adore this.
The Southern states have 109,840,000 people. That should be 2197 apportioned representatives, or about 5 congresses. This means that the South could have 5 different Houses of Congress which would represent each of their regions.
Each of these Houses of Congress would deliberate locally on interregional matters, and would collaborate in Congressional Conventions and networked conferences using the Internet for national issues.
Problem 2: Gerrymandering
Solution: Shortest-Splitline Districting.
- The Shortest-Splitline Algorithm: a Gerrymandering Solution
- Examples of our unbiased district-drawing algorithm in action / comparisons with gerrymandered districts drawn by politicians
- Splitline districtings of all 50 states
Problem 3: The Electoral College
Solution: Range voting.